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Dr. Andreas Sfakianakis DDS, MDSc.
Periodontics and Implant Dentistry
University of Athens, Greece (DDS)
University of Connecticut, USA (MDSc)
All about implants
What are they?
Dental implants were first introduced in Sweden in the mid 60’s. They have a screw-like form and they replace the root of a tooth. An artificial tooth that is made of porcelain is then attached to the implant.
What material are the implants made of?
The implants are made of titanium (Ti). This material has been used in Orthopedics for many years and is absolutely bio-compatible, which means that it is not rejected as a foreign body.
Basic indications for implant treatment
· Replacement of one or more missing teeth
· Stabilisation of a denture
· Aesthetics: They look like your own teeth
· Conservative treatment: No need to prep the neighbouring teeth for bridgework
· High success rate: It is a well documented procedure that has been performed for the last 45 years in Sweden and 30 years in USA. In our office we have a success rate of 99.6%
Functional replacement: The dental patient can speak and eat with comfort. Implants feel like your own teeth.
· Duration: The treatment takes longer than traditional solutions (bridge or denture)
· Cost: Due to the technology required the cost is relative high compared to other solutions
· Patient selection: Not everybody is a good candidate for implants. Serious medical conditions or people without enough jawbone cannot be treated with implants.
· Smoking: People that smoke more than a pack per day have reduced success rates (90%)
Implant placement step by step
Surgical placement: The implants are placed in the jawbone by the periodontist with local anesthesia. The procedure is painless and the patient can then return back to work. For the rest of the day, it is recommended soft diet, no smoking and placement of ice pack externally to avoid swelling.
Waiting period: We have to wait for 6 weeks for the implant to bond with bone (osteointegration). The patient is using a temporary prosthesis for that time.
Prosthetic phase: When the bone is ready for loading, the final prosthesis is attached to the implant by the dentist
Recalls: Regular check-ups by the periodontist are required twice yearly
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